https: BibliographyAlford, Henry. The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God's children." Easter triumph.—But if the shock of glad surprise is the first emotion at Easter, the next is a sense of glorious triumph; the more unselfishly we entered into our Lord’s sufferings on Good Friday, with the more completeness do we fling ourselves into His triumph on Easter Day. In verses Romans 8:28-34 we have “God for us.” In verses Romans 8:35-39, “No separation.” We have a glorious chain of five links in verses Romans 8:29-30 reaching from Eternity in the past to Eternity in the future-foreknown, predestinated, called, justified, glorified! This doctrine of the resurrection is more particularly considerable of us in the expression which is here in the text fastened upon it; whilst it is said that “He that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies.” And here, again, two things more. And so much may be spoken of the first particular which is here considerable of us, and that is the cause of our resurrection: in these words, “He that raised up Christ from the dead.” The second is the carriage of it in these: “shall quicken your mortal bodies.” He shall quicken our mortal bodies by making them absolutely immortal. If ye mortify - Kill, destroy these. Through, or, ‘on account of,’ his Spirit that dwell-eth in you. By his Spirit that dwelleth in you: q.d. And the καί joined with θνητά, here, signifies that the working of the πνεῦμα ζωοποιοῦν shall not stop at the purely spiritual resurrection, nor at that of the body from dead works to serve the living God, but shall extend even to the building up the spiritual body in the future new and glorious life), on account of His Spirit which dwells in you. https: The Apostle here obviates a difficulty which might present itself from what he had said in the preceding verse, of the bodies of believers being dead though their souls have life. https: For could the sin and death of Adam have more power to subject those who were in Him to death, than the righteousness and resurrection of Jesus Christ to deliver those who are in Him from death? It shall have its part in the liberty of glory, the kingdom age of millennial blessing. "Commentary on Romans 8:11". The resurrection itself, in this verse, is made to depend upon the indwelling of the Spirit, for it is promised, "If the Spirit ... dwelleth in you.". and the Vatic., suits the context well: the spirit is already quickened; the body must be so also. Infidelity affirms that when you are dead that is the end of you. Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https: and cannot He then restore it from the dust? Cf. Yet, if He does not soon compliment me with a translation, this tenement will no longer be worth repairing. We get in the habit of reading by chapters, instead of by subjects. But we are told in Col. Chapter 2 that all this is vain and futile so far as checking fleshly indulgence is concerned. The second, which is principally considerable of us, is the inference in these, “He that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by His Spirit that dwelleth in you.” First, to look upon this passage in its simple and absolute consideration, “He that raised up Jesus Christ from the dead will also quicken and raise up us, who are,” etc. https: The apostle’s inference is: “The Spirit who dwelleth in you is the Spirit of Him that raised up Jesus; consequently God will also, with respect to your bodies, as dwelling-places of His Spirit, do the same as He has done in the case of Christ.” The self-evident presupposition in this inference is, that the Spirit of God dwelt in Jesus during His earthly career (Luke 4:1; Luke 4:14; Luke 4:18; Acts 1:2; John 3:34; John 20:22). if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead, dwells in you (which Spirit is therefore powerful over death, and besides renders you partakers of Christ’s Resurrection), He who raised Christ from the dead (the personal name, JESUS, reminds more of the historic fact of the resurrection of the one Person, Jesus: the official and mystical name, CHRIST, of the body of which He is the Head and we the members,—all raised with Him by the one Spirit dwelling in all) shall quicken (not merely ἐγερεῖ, because it is not merely the resurrection of the body which is in the Apostle’s view,—see below) even your mortal bodies (the higher phase of the ζωοποιεῖν takes place in the spirit of man: and even of that which takes place in the body, there are two branches—one, the quickening it from being a tool of unrighteousness unto death (eternal),—the other, the quickening it out of death (physical) to be a new and glorified body. It was man’s innate aversion to sovereign grace, I am certain, that brought these qualifying words into the text of the common version. 6. The apostle does not affirm that they could not have known what the plan of God was; for he says Romans 10:18-21 that they had full opportunity of knowing. The body is viewed as the vehicle through which the flesh acts. It seemed too much to believe that freedom from condemnation depended on being in Christ Jesus and not upon our walking after the Spirit. Thompson. Namely, (1) The future glory shall far outweigh the present sufferings, Romans 8:18-25.—(2) The Holy Ghost supports us, Romans 8:26-27.—(3) Generally, all things must serve for good to those who love God, Romans 8:28-31. Involved in our salvation are Father, Son and Holy Spirit. The reading in the last clause is very doubtful, but whether we take the accus. What does Romans 8:35 mean? First, I say here is that which is implied: that the Spirit of God dwells in the children of God. The flesh in the oldest and godliest Christian is as incorrigibly evil as the flesh in the vilest sinner. It will be remarked, that in this verse, and elsewhere, God is said to have raised up Christ from the dead, whereas, in John 10:17, John 10:18, the Savior claims for himself the power of resuming his life. Because throughout the Scriptures in the Old and New Testaments, what God does in nature or grace, he is said to do by his Spirit. “The power that worketh in us” is the same with which “God wrought in Christ when He raised Him from the dead and set Him at His own right hand in the heavenly places”; and it will work to the same issue in us as in Him. See on Romans 8:9. Namely, (1) The future glory shall far outweigh the present sufferings, Romans 8:18-25.—(2) The Holy Ghost supports us, Romans 8:26-27.—(3) Generally, all things must serve for good to those who love God, Romans 8:28-31. 2. This is not a Spirit of bondage, of legality, filling us with fear and dread, but the Spirit of adoption, of son-acknowledgment, whereby we instinctively lift our hearts to God in the cry of the conscious child, “Abba, Father.” Adoption is to be distinguished from new birth. He has long been the blessed Healer of my body, wonderfully keeping in repair this frail tenement. Romans 1:3 Or who according to the flesh; Romans 1:4 Or was declared with power to be the Son of God; Romans 1:5 Or that is; Romans 1:13 The Greek word for brothers and sisters (adelphoi) refers here to believers, both men and women, as part of God’s family; also in 7:1, 4; 8:12, 29; 10:1; 11:25; 12:1; 15:14, 30; 16:14, 17.; Romans 1:17 Or is from faith to faith The same Spirit which raised Christ's body from the grave, shall also quicken our mortal bodies. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. 1. Copyright StatementThese files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed. It is the earnest which the Redeemer gives to His believing disciples, while they are in the body, as a pledge of the full redemption yet to come on the resurrection morning. At the same time, we are not there yet. m Are we to continue in sin that grace may abound? "Commentary on Romans 8:11". Because the Jews seem to have referred the resurrection of the body specially to the HolyGhost.‹35›. As his life is perpetual, it secures the continued supplies of life to all his members. 8 There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus. It is not how I feel but it is what God says. 1685. This difference of reading is the only one in the whole Epistle to the Romans which is fitted to exercise any influence on Christian doctrine. R Ruin (Romans 1:17 – 3:20) – The utter sinfulness of humanity O Offer (Romans 3:21-31) – God’s offer of justification by grace M Model (Romans 4:1-25) – Abraham as a model for saving faith A Access (Romans 5:1-11) – The benefits of justification N New Adam (Romans 5:12-21) – We are children of two “Adams” S Struggle w/ Sin (Romans 6:1-8:39) Struggle, sanctification, and victory This commentary has been through Advanced Checking.. We are alive in every way! Such a nullification will take place when the "dead in Christ" rise to meet the Lord in the air. Why does he here substitute the term mortal, θνητόν? 5. Lachmann and Tischendorf retain the common text. The word is not ἐγειρεῖ, but ζωοποιήσει, which imports more than a mere restoration of life. Two ideas may be included in this part of the verse: first, that the very possession of that Spirit, which is the source of life is a pledge and security that our bodies shall rise again; because it would be unseemly that anything thus honored by the Spirit, should remain under the dominion of death; and, secondly, that the resurrection of Christ secures the resurrection of those that are his, according to Paul's doctrine in 1 Corinthians 15:23. He sanctifieth and reneweth us (Titus 3:5; John 3:6). Because the Spirit abides in us as an earnest (Ephesians 1:14). If the latter reading be adopted, this clause would then answer to the phrase, on account of righteousness, in the preceding verse. https: BibliographyHaldane, Robert. Romans 6:11 - Even so consider yourselves to be dead to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus. These words are not to be understood as they are by some, of the continued work of sanctification in the heart by the Spirit of God; for regeneration, and not sanctification, is signified by quickening, which quickening occurs when the Spirit of God first takes up his dwelling in the soul; besides, the apostle had spoke of the life of the spirit or soul before; and they are mortal bodies, and not its mortal souls, which are said to be quickened, for these cannot mean the body of sin, or the remains of corruption, as they are said to be, and which are never quickened, nor never can be. Test drive it and tell us about your experience. Verse Concepts. This section contains two of the apostle's arguments in its support. It breaks into two sub-sections. For what the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh, God did by sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, on account of sin: He condemned sin in the flesh, that the righteous requirement of the la… Grounds of encouragement for the συμπάσχειν ἵνα κ. συνδοξ. 10. "Commentary on Romans 8:11". Vine's Epistle to the Romans, published in 1957 by Zondervon was really helpful as was the Introductory Lectures, Volume 2-Paul's Epistles by William Kelly--Lectures delivered in 1869 and reprinted by Believer's Bookshelf in 1970; Synopsis The inhabitation of the Spirit. 1863-1878. 1865-1868. Where note, 1. Lachmann and Tischendorf both adopted Beza's reading (with gen.) in their earlier and smaller editions, and both in their later and larger have abandoned it for the acc. Oh, doubting one, look away then altogether from self and state, look away from frames and feelings to Christ risen, now forever beyond the cross where your sins once put Him, and see yourself in Him, exalted there at God’s right hand. Rosscup: This is a much-respected 746-pp. Your mortal bodies] As he hath already quickened your souls. In much more positive cases … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 8:12-17" The opponents of this doctrine alleged the other reading, which is that of Stephens, and which differs here from the received reading: διὰ τὸ ἐνοικοῦν αὐτοῦ πνεῦμα, "because of the Spirit that dwelleth in you." Their change is not included in the expression ζωοποιήσει (Hofmann),—a view which neither the sense of the word (comp. In the same way. The resurrection of the Lord Jesus is set forth as the type and the pledge of the present quickening of the body of the believer. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. (b) Then notice what an answer it gives to you who ‘through fear of death spend all your lifetime subject to bondage.’ Lift up your heads, ye dying; you cannot really die, for ‘if the Spirit of Him Which raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, then He Which raised up Christ Jesus shall also quicken your mortal bodies.’ He has given what St. Paul calls the ‘earnest of the Spirit’ in your hearts, and the presence of the Spirit in your hearts is an earnest that when your natural bodies die they shall be quickened into spiritual bodies. (John 5:28-29; Acts 24:15)..He had just stated that the body was dead because of sin--no longer an instrument of sin. In comparison, note the frequency of other words used in Romans: law (72), Christ (65), sin (48), Lord (43), and faith (40). For the reading διὰ τοῦ ἐνοικοῦντος, κ. τ. λ. are quoted the MSS. https: The Holy Spirit has produced a new nature in the man in Christ, and linked with this new life are new affections and desires so that he gladly responds to the will of the Lord as revealed in His Word. Bibliography InformationIronside, H. A. If the dead are raised by the Holy Ghost, then the Holy Ghost is of the same essence with the Father and the Son, to whom, elsewhere, the resurrection of the dead is referred. But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you. 8. They are partakers of that Spirit; which is the author and earnest of eternal life, Romans 8:5-11. Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. God’s good news is for people from every nation. See note on 1 Corinthians 15:22. He sees me in Christ risen, forever beyond the reach of condemnation. 1. There the inability of the law by itself to produce the higher spiritual life was shown; and the argument dealt primarily and mainly with human life as it is now. It is therefore a sure mark of hypocrisy, if a man who professes to be a Christian, still minds earthly things, that is, has his affections and efforts supremely directed towards worldly objects. In all circumstances we more than conquer, we triumph in Christ. Hence his dignity, holiness, and happiness, Romans 8:9-11. Romans 8:11.) "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". Click the Bible for the all new!! Romans: Bible Study and Commentary. Cf. This indwelling, which renders their resurrection certain, imports His love, His government, the operation of His grace, and His care to adorn and to beautify the temple in which He resides; and the end of it is to confer everlasting life, everlasting purity, and everlasting communion with Himself. Hofmann takes the term mortal, of Romans 8:10, as referring to the future state of the body, the state of death to which it is still only destined, and from which the resurrection will rescue it. In the summer of 386, a young man wept in the backyard of a friend. Him that raised up Jesus from the dead; a periphrasis of God the Father. Learn thence, That the bodies of the saints are the temples of the Holy Ghost, his dwelling place, living, dying, and dead; if the Holy Spirit dwells in us here, sanctifying our persons, the same Spirit will not forsake our bodies in the grave, but raise them up to glory and happiness. While we rightly think most of Christ Himself on Easter Day, we must not forget that the ‘Lord and Giver of Life,’ the Spirit of Life from God which entered into the two witnesses in the Book of Revelation, that same loving, unselfish, glorious Spirit, shared with the Father and the Son the triumph of Easter Day. Ryle. And yet we do not think that the question whether the resurrection of the body takes place by the operation of the Holy Spirit, or because of His dwelling in us, has been very often discussed in our Dogmatics or treated in our Catechisms. "Commentary on Romans 8:11". This blessed portion is not for theologians to wrangle over but for saints to rejoice in. Because God had raised up Christ, there was ground of confidence that he would raise his people up also. In fact, by this mode of expression the apostle would ascribe the divine operation of raising from the dead (John 5:21) to the Holy Spirit, which would imply His power of free causation as well as divinity. https: But the resurrection will be participated in by all believers at once, independently of the development noticed in our passage, by which their bodies would have first to be made ripe for it; and even the change of the living at the Parousia is, according to 1 Corinthians 15:51 ff., not a process developed from within outwardly, but a result produced in a twinkling from without (at the sound of the last trumpet),—a result, which cannot be the final consequence of the gradual inward destruction of the principle of sin and death, because in that case all could not participate in it simultaneously, which nevertheless is the case, according to 1 Corinthians 15:51. Respect to Himself ; the body of the dust are too numerous too. 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