[10], Argus was reduced to Reserve at Portsmouth on 7 May, 1930. 282–84, Shores, Cull and Malizia 1991, pp. Sh… [12] Formally named after Argus of the 100 Eyes from Greek mythology,[13] Argus was nicknamed the Hat Box or "Ditty Box" or the Flatiron due to her flat-topped appearance. flush deck). One of the Fulmars was shot down by Vichy French Dewoitine D.520 fighters as it attempted to protect the crew of a Consolidated PBY Catalina flying boat that had been shot down earlier. In 1912, the ship builder William Beardmore had proposed to the Admiralty an aircraft carrier design with a continuous, full-length flight deck, but it was not accepted. Benn Service Record. Despite an expedited program to refit her for action, she was only launched on December 2nd, 1917 and, after completing her period of requisite sea trials, was not commissioned until September 16th, 1918. Chilton Service Record. [26] A week later, she ferried Supermarine Walrus amphibians of 701 Squadron to Reykjavík, Iceland. The ship carried 2,500 long tons (2,500 t) of fuel oil, which gave her a range of 3,600 nautical miles (6,700 km; 4,100 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). Related Material. Examination of the aircraft revealed that their air coolers had been set to "Winter" rather than "Summer". HMS Argus (1904) was a coastguard vessel launched in 1904, renamed HMS Argon in 1918 and sold in 1920. Most read. Argus loaded a dozen Hawker Hurricane and two Blackburn Skua fighters of 418 Flight RAF in late July for delivery to Malta as part of Operation Hurry. [36] The Spitfires were flown off successfully, but the engines of the Albacores all began to overheat and they were forced to return to the carrier. It was built by William Beardmore. She was carrying out this duty in the Gulf of Lion when the Second World War began. Eight of the Hurricanes ran out of fuel en route due to headwinds and one Skua was forced to crash land on Sicily after it had been damaged by Italian flak. Renamed Riduna and sold to the Alderney Steam Packet Company in 1926. May 12, 2015 Joris Nieuwint. Each island contained one funnel; a large net could be strung between them to stop out-of-control aircraft. (The aircraft could not be flown off Ark Royal since it was a seaplane carrier with no flight deck. HMS Argus, HMS Vidette, HMS Wishart and HMS Wrestler arrived at Gibraltar very late on the 14th. Message Board. 151 Wing RAF to Murmansk, Russia. [37] By this time the ship's Vickers .50-calibre machine guns had been replaced by 13 Oerlikon 20 mm light anti-aircraft guns. She was launched 2 Dec 1917, and eventually completed only a matter of weeks before the Armistice. One Swordfish crashed while landing on 13 June and the wreckage was pushed over the side. [24][25] Together with the battlecruiser Hood and six destroyers, Argus escorted Convoy US-3, loaded with Australian and New Zealand troops, to the United Kingdom in mid-June. The National Archives. [2], In November 1916, the ship's design was tested in a wind tunnel by the National Physical Laboratory to evaluate the turbulence caused by the twin islands and the bridge over them. The ship was under repair for a month after she reached the United Kingdom, but she required a more thorough refit that lasted from February to May 1943. The National Archives. This was commonly divided up between one small flight of fighters (Gloster Nightjars or Fairey Flycatchers), one of spotters (Parnall Panthers or Avro Bisons), and one spotter reconnaissance flight with Fairey IIIs. ... (1917) and separate landing decks in 1918 together with Vindictive (a month behind Argus) Only after that do we get to HMS Argus with a flat deck in Sept 1918. Two days later, the two carriers, in Operation Perpetual, sailed to the west of Sicily and flew off their 37 Hurricanes; three of the fighters were lost en route. HMS Argus was a British aircraft carrier that served in the Royal Navy from 1918 to 1944. This cruise was deemed very successful as 45 landings were made, only two of which resulted in serious accidents, an accident rate comparable to those of land-based units. In February 1936, it was decided to refit the ship as a tender for Queen Bee target drones. Dates of appointment are provided when known. They were found to cause problems, but no changes were made until the ship was nearly complete. She was renamed after her purchase in September 1916 and was launched on 2 December 1917, her building having been slowed by labour shortages. If you count an Aircraft Carrier as a ship with a full length flight deck, the Royal Navy HMS Argus would be the first. [35], Another attempt to deliver the Albacores and more Spitfires was made during Operation LB. The turbines were designed for a total of 20,000 shaft horsepower (15,000 kW), but they produced 21,376 shaft horsepower (15,940 kW) during her sea trials in September 1918, and gave Argus a speed of 20.506 knots (37.977 km/h; 23.598 mph). She was laid down in 1914, but construction was suspended, and restarted later. F She was also fitted with two low-angle 4-inch guns, one also on each side of the hull. [9] She could accommodate between 15 and 18 aircraft. [30] After Furious's Skuas had flown off to search for Hipper, space was cleared to allow Argus' Swordfish to load the torpedoes, but the Skuas could not locate Hipper because of the poor visibility. Existing carriers could launch wheeled aircraft, but had no way to recover them as they lacked flight decks. During Operation Picket I, nine more Spitfires were flown off by Eagle on 21 March whilst a dozen Sea Hurricane IIBs from 804 Squadron provided air cover from Argus. It was decided that a longer system of wires was needed, and the landing well system was abandoned in favour of ramps that could be raised and lowered as needed. She was built with a flush unobstructed flight deck after the Royal Navy’s unsuccessful divided flight deck experiment used on the HMS Furious following her conversion from a Light Battle Cruiser to a carrier. She spent one brief deployment on the China Station in the late 1920s before being placed in reserve for budgetary reasons. She and the escort carrier Avenger joined a convoy returning to the United Kingdom on the evening of 14/15 November that was spotted by the Germans. Bovell Service Record. Ark Royal was torpedoed and sunk during the return to Gibraltar, which forced Argus to remain there to provide cover for Force H as the sole carrier available. 2 August 1917, Sqn Cdr E. H. Dunningmakes the first aircraft landing on a moving ship, HMS Furious 1914 28 June — Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand; World War Ibegins. Sent for break-up at … Argus loaded more Hurricanes for Gibraltar and also embarked a pair of Swordfish from 818 Squadron and two Sea Hurricanes from 804X Squadron for self-defence. The Bristol Fighters were transferred to Argus by crane). For the latest updates about this unit visit the Royal Navy forum. Sold for Scrap 1947. The ship proved to be very manoeuvrable at medium and high speeds, but steered badly at low speeds and in wind due to her large surface area. Here's the Shapways3-d printed 1/700 HMS Argus having the WWI dazzle camouflage paint scheme being applied displayed with the Combrig 1/700 Armored Cruiser HMS Drake work in progress; As for the aircraft wing, I'll use some of the AJM 1/700 Vindictive Sopwith Pups' Camels etc for the Argus included in their 1/700 HMS Furious converted battlecruiser/Aircraft carrier kit. T The ship was commissioned on 16 September 1918. No air strike could be flown against the German cruiser because the Swordfish were embarked in Argus with bombs that they could not carry and the torpedoes were aboard Furious. Medal Of Honor: He Put Up Such A Fight In Captivity, The Viet Cong Executed Him Out Of Frustration; He’s Called The Ghost, Has The Same Medal Count As Audie Murphy, And Is Virtually Unknown The ship was given a bridge underneath her flight deck, extending from side to side, and she was fitted with a retractable pilot house in the middle of the flight deck for use when not operating aircraft. The problems were not rectified until 7 March, when the 15 Spitfires were successfully flown off. Argus was refitted from 23 December to 21 March 1919 with modified arresting gear. By April 1940, the ship had been rearmed with two QF Mk V 4-inch anti-aircraft guns on her quarterdeck, as well as three quadruple Vickers .50 machine gun mounts; one of these was on each side of her hull and the third was on the centreline of the quarterdeck. It was ordered to return to the UK aboard Argus. The latter ship also carried six Albacores bound for Malta as well, but the weather deteriorated over Malta and their fly-off was cancelled. Conte Rosso was purchased on 20 September 1916, possibly because her machinery was more complete than that of Giulio Cesare, and the company began work on converting the ship. Existing carriers could launch wheeled aircraft, but had no way to recover them. They had been planned in 1915 already, to meet a set of requirements laid down by First Sea Lord Admiral Fisher about his cherished Baltic Project. Whilst in the United Kingdom, she loaded some Supermarine Spitfire fighters and returned to Gibraltar on 24 February. Argus was launched in 1917 and commissioned just prior to the end of the war on September 19 th 1918. [7], Argus was re-commissioned at Portsmouth on 24 January, 1924. Each of the ship's four sets of Parsons geared steam turbines drove one propeller shaft. The carrier embarked two Fulmars from 807 Squadron, nine Swordfish from 813 Squadron and four more Swordfish from 824 Squadron to protect the convoy from submarines while Eagle loaded 20 Fulmars and Sea Hurricanes from three different squadrons. The opportunity was taken to widen her flight deck by 10 feet (3 m) and replace her old boilers with destroyer-type boilers which could generate more steam than her turbines could handle. Existing carriers could launch wheeled aircraft, but had no way to recover them as they lacked flight decks. [10] No arresting gear was fitted as completed. Argus was sold in late 1946 and scrapped the following year. The following month she made the first of her many ferry trips to the Western Mediterranean to fly off fighters to Malta; she was largely occupied in this task for the next two years. She was commissioned 6 Sep 1918. [12], She was taken into Dockyard Control on 6 July 1936 at Devonport. Argus was laid down in 1914 by William Beardmore and Company in Dalmuir, as the Conte Rosso. Eventually, the ship loaded some damaged aircraft and accompanied Eagle back to the United Kingdom on 20 October. H.M.S. In December, she became an accommodation ship and was listed for disposal in mid-1946. Three Fulmars of 800X Squadron were also embarked to protect the ship against the Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condors that patrolled the Bay of Biscay and the Eastern Atlantic. [34], Force H was recalled to the United Kingdom in January and Argus loaded 12 Swordfish of 812 Squadron for her own protection. She was purchased for conversion in August, 1916. The ship was attacked multiple times by bombs and torpedoes during the battle without effect. Even the addition of 600 long tons (610 t) of ballast still left the ship with a very low metacentric height of only 1.6 feet (0.49 m) lightly loaded and 3.8 feet (1.2 m) at deep load. Argus became an accommodation ship at Chatham[24] in December[43] and she was approved for scrapping on 6 May 1946. Renamed Peninnis and operated by the Isles of Scilly Steamship Company from 1920 to 1926. Stirling Service Record. http://dreadnoughtproject.org/tfs/index.php?title=H.M.S._Argus_(1917)&oldid=291736. Argus had her genesis in the Admiralty's desire during the First World War for an aircraft carrier that could fly off wheeled aircraft and land them aboard. After returning to the UK for repairs, Argus was used again for deck-landing practice until late September 1944. Argus had her genesis in the Admiralty's desire during the First World War for an aircraft carrier that could fly off wheeled aircraft and land them aboard. The two carriers repeated the delivery on 29 March when Eagle flew off seven more Spitfires whilst 807 Squadron provided air cover from Argus. Page 3 . The ship rendezvoused with the other carriers on 5 August for a three-day training exercise to work out co-ordination procedures before the operation commenced and 804 Squadron was deemed not ready for combat. (Note: HMS ARK ROYAL made a delivery of HURRICANE and FULMAR aircraft on 3rd. [6], Argus was laid down in 1914 by William Beardmore and Company in Dalmuir, as the Conte Rosso. the fleet air arm on board the british carrier hms argus. Royal Navy Index. Archer Service Record. [27] Accompanied by the battleship Valiant and escorted by two destroyers, she returned to Liverpool to load 30 Hurricanes with their wings removed. The National Archives. The National Archives. The HMS Argus was the first ship to be an aircraft carrier, but she was a converted ocean liner. [14][22] She was classified as a Target Aeroplane Carrier and recommissioned on 11 August 1938 with Captain W. G. Benn in command. HMS Argus sports a dazzle paint scheme, 1917. HMS Argus seen after the 1925-26 refit. As well as operating her own aircraft, Argus was used to fly off Bristol Fighters that had been ferried to the Dardanelles aboard the seaplane carrier Ark Royal to an airfield at Kilia on the European side of the straits. [32][33] She then ferried a dozen Fairey Albacore torpedo bombers of 828 Squadron to Gibraltar on 30 September for eventual delivery to Malta. A torpedo shop could store another twenty-eight weapons, which were presumably the 18-in Mark IX torpedo. As the limitations of existing carriers became more apparent, this design was dusted off and the Admiralty located two large, fast hulls suitable for conversion into an aircraft carrier. Her hangar could accommodate one of the new eighteen-plane Torpedo Aeroplane Squadrons equipped with Sopwith T.1s and provided for storage of thirty torpedoes. She was purchased for conversion in August, 1916. The Royal Navy originally sought to have HMS Argus in operational service for 1917. History of the HMS Argus: The HMS Argus was launched on December 2, 1917. HMS Argus was a British aircraft carrier from 1918 until 1944. The National Archives. Despite having been originally conceived as a liner with a hull designed to minimise rolling, most of the changes made to the ship during her conversion added topside weight, raising her centre of gravity. Full description. Eagle transferred her Fulmars to Argus over the course of the battle and two more were lost later in the day. [30], In March, the carrier loaded a dozen Hurricane IIs and three Skuas and delivered them to Gibraltar on 29 March, where they were loaded onto Ark Royal and flown off to Malta a few days later. The ship arrived on 8 November and she transferred some of her Hurricanes to Ark Royal. The wires of the arresting gear had been lifted off the deck so they could engage the hooks on the undercarriages of the aircraft, but this prevented the use of the flight deck for any other purpose. Light cruiser HMS Bonaventure and destroyer HMS Mashona arrived at Scapa Flow around 1130/11 for refuelling. [23], After recommissioning, Argus served as a training carrier to allow pilots to practice their deck-landing skills. The first landings on the ship were made on 24 September 1918 by two Sopwith Ship Strutter aeroplanes from the Grand Fleet's airbase at Turnhouse. The initial design had two islands with the flight deck running between them. [19], The ship's hull was surveyed in 1927 and anticipated to be sound for another 15 years,[10] and she relieved Hermes on the China Station from 1 September to 20 March 1928. An RAF Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter aircraft taking off and landing on the deck of the Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Argus, autumn 1918. In April 1918, Argus was ordered to be modified to a flush-decked configuration after the sea trials of the carrier Furious had revealed severe turbulence problems caused by her superstructure. [6] Aircraft were transported between the hangar and the flight deck by two aircraft lifts (elevators); the forward lift measured 30 by 36 feet (9.1 m × 11.0 m) and the rear 60 by 18 feet (18.3 m × 5.5 m). About this forum RFA Argus is a Primary Casualty Receiving Ship of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. HMS Argus seen in 1918 in the Firth of Forth. Trials began in April and the lift was widened in October. 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